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Arthur update 2016-01-30 http://www.startdays.com
Arthur is a common masculine given name. Its etymology is disputed, but its popularity derives from its being the name of the legendary hero King Arthur.
Art and Artie are diminutive forms of the name. A common spelling variant used in many Slavic, Romance, and Germanic languages is Artur.
The origin of the name Arthur remains a matter of debate. Some suggest it is derived from the Roman nomen gentile (family name) ArtÅrius, of obscure and contested etymology (but possibly of Messapic or Etruscan origin). Some scholars have noted that the legendary King Arthur's name only appears as Arthur, or Arturus, in early Latin Arthurian texts, never as ArtÅrius (although the Classical Latin ArtÅrius became Arturius in some Vulgar Latin dialects). However, this may not say anything about the origin of the name Arthur, as ArtÅrius would regularly become Art(h)ur when borrowed into Welsh.
Another possibility is that it is derived from a Brittonic patronym *Arto-rÄ«g-ios (the root of which, *arto-rÄ«g- "bear-king" is to be found in the Old Irish personal name Art-ri) via a Latinized form ArtÅrius. Less likely is the commonly proposed derivation from Welsh arth "bear" + (g)wr "man" (earlier *Arto-uiros in Brittonic); there are phonological difficulties with this theoryâ"notably that a Brittonic compound name *Arto-uiros should produce Old Welsh *Artgur and Middle/Modern Welsh *Arthwr and not Arthur (in Welsh poetry the name is always spelled Arthur and is exclusively rhymed with words ending in -urâ"never words ending in -wrâ"which confirms that the second element cannot be [g]wr "man").
An alternative theory, which has only gained limited acceptance among scholars, derives the name Arthur from the Latin Arcturus (the brightest star in the constellation BoÃ¶tes, near Ursa Major or the Great Bear), which is the latinisation of the Greek Î'ÏÎºÏ„Î¿á¿¦ÏÎ¿Ï‚ (Arktouros) and means "Guardian of the Bear", ultimately from á¼„ÏÎºÏ„Î¿Ï‚ (arktos), "bear" + Î¿á½–ÏÎ¿Ï‚ (ouros), "watcher, guardian". Classical Latin Arcturus would also have become Art(h)ur when borrowed into Welsh, and its brightness and position in the sky led people to regard it as the "guardian of the bear" and the "leader" of the other stars in BoÃ¶tes.
A similar first name is Old Irish ArtÃºr, which is believed to be derived directly from an early Old Welsh or Cumbric Artur. The earliest historically attested bearer of the name is a son or grandson of ÃedÃ¡n mac GabrÃ¡in (d. AD 609).
People and characters with the given name Arthur
King Arthur, king of Britain in the Arthurian legend
In different languages
Armenian: Ô±ÖÕ©Õ¸Ö‚Ö (Artur)
Basque: Artur, Artza
Bulgarian: ÐÑÑ‚ÑƒÑ (Artur)
Catalan: Artur, ArtÃºs
Czech: ArtuÅ¡, Artur
Finnish: Artturi, Arttu, Arto
Galician: Artur, ArtÃºs
Georgian: áƒáƒ áƒ—áƒ£áƒ áƒ˜ (Arturi)
German: Artur, Arthur
Greek: Î'ÏÎ¸Î¿ÏÏÎ¿Ï‚ (Arthouros/Artouros)
Hebrew: ××¨×ª×•×¨ (Artur)
Italian: Arturo, ArtÃ¹
Japanese: ã‚¢ãƒ¼ã‚µãƒ¼ (in katakana)
Korean: ì•„ì¨ (Asso), ì•„ì¨ (Aso), ì•„ë"œ (Ado)
Latin: Arturus/Arthurus, Artorius/Arturius
Maltese: Arturu, Turu
Ossetian: ÐÑÑ‚ÑƒÑ (Artur)
Portuguese: Artur, Arthur
Romanian: Arthur, Artur
Russian: ÐÑÑ‚ÑƒÑ (Artur)
Serbian: ÐÑÑ‚ÑƒÑ (Artur)
Ukrainian: ÐÑÑ‚ÑƒÑ (Artur)
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