samedi 30 janvier 2016


Arthur 2016-01-30
Arthur 2016
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Arthur update 2016-01-30
Arthur is a common masculine given name. Its etymology is disputed, but its popularity derives from its being the name of the legendary hero King Arthur.
Art and Artie are diminutive forms of the name. A common spelling variant used in many Slavic, Romance, and Germanic languages is Artur.

The origin of the name Arthur remains a matter of debate. Some suggest it is derived from the Roman nomen gentile (family name) Artōrius, of obscure and contested etymology (but possibly of Messapic or Etruscan origin). Some scholars have noted that the legendary King Arthur's name only appears as Arthur, or Arturus, in early Latin Arthurian texts, never as Artōrius (although the Classical Latin Artōrius became Arturius in some Vulgar Latin dialects). However, this may not say anything about the origin of the name Arthur, as Artōrius would regularly become Art(h)ur when borrowed into Welsh.
Another possibility is that it is derived from a Brittonic patronym *Arto-rÄ«g-ios (the root of which, *arto-rÄ«g- "bear-king" is to be found in the Old Irish personal name Art-ri) via a Latinized form Artōrius. Less likely is the commonly proposed derivation from Welsh arth "bear" + (g)wr "man" (earlier *Arto-uiros in Brittonic); there are phonological difficulties with this theoryâ€"notably that a Brittonic compound name *Arto-uiros should produce Old Welsh *Artgur and Middle/Modern Welsh *Arthwr and not Arthur (in Welsh poetry the name is always spelled Arthur and is exclusively rhymed with words ending in -urâ€"never words ending in -wrâ€"which confirms that the second element cannot be [g]wr "man").
An alternative theory, which has only gained limited acceptance among scholars, derives the name Arthur from the Latin Arcturus (the brightest star in the constellation Boötes, near Ursa Major or the Great Bear), which is the latinisation of the Greek Î'ρκτοῦρος (Arktouros) and means "Guardian of the Bear", ultimately from ἄρκτος (arktos), "bear" + οὖρος (ouros), "watcher, guardian". Classical Latin Arcturus would also have become Art(h)ur when borrowed into Welsh, and its brightness and position in the sky led people to regard it as the "guardian of the bear" and the "leader" of the other stars in Boötes.
A similar first name is Old Irish Artúr, which is believed to be derived directly from an early Old Welsh or Cumbric Artur. The earliest historically attested bearer of the name is a son or grandson of Áedán mac Gabráin (d. AD 609).

People and characters with the given name Arthur


King Arthur, king of Britain in the Arthurian legend

Fictional characters

In different languages
Albanian: Artur
Arabic: آرثر
Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ©Õ¸Ö‚Ö€ (Artur)
Basque: Artur, Artza
Breton: Arzhur
Bulgarian: Артур (Artur)
Catalan: Artur, Artús
Croatian: Artur
Czech: Artuš, Artur
Danish: Arthur
Dutch: Arthur
Estonian: Artur
Finnish: Artturi, Arttu, Arto
French: Arthur
Galician: Artur, Artús
Georgian: ართური (Arturi)
German: Artur, Arthur
Greek: Î'ρθούρος (Arthouros/Artouros)
Hebrew: ארתור (Artur)
Hungarian: Artúr
Icelandic: Arthur
Irish: Artúr
Italian: Arturo, Artù
Japanese: アーサー (in katakana)
Korean: 아써 (Asso), 아써 (Aso), ì•„ë"œ (Ado)
Latin: Arturus/Arthurus, Artorius/Arturius
Latvian: Artūrs
Lithuanian: Artūras
Maltese: Arturu, Turu
Norwegian: Artur
Ossetian: Артур (Artur)
Polish: Artur
Portuguese: Artur, Arthur
Romanian: Arthur, Artur
Russian: Артур (Artur)
Serbian: Артур (Artur)
Slovakian: Artúr
Slovenian: Artur
Spanish: Arturo
Swedish: Artur
Turkish: Artur
Ukrainian: Артур (Artur)
Uzbek: Artur
Welsh: Arthur

See also
MacArthur (disambiguation)
McArthur (disambiguation)

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